These unearthed bog bodies, or bog people are the human preserved corpses naturally and some animals recovered from peat bogs, and have been most commonly found bog bodies in Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and Ireland, which surfaced during the early 1700s up to present time.The facts of the bog bodies is that these mummified corpses have been found in peat and some are partially preserved, and some of the recovered corpses preservation vary from fully preserved with skins to skeletons. A bog body is a human cadaver that has been mummified in a natural process found buried within a peat bog.Bog bodies uncovered from bog peat were sometimes both geographically and chronologically known as bog people.Bogs developed where the water at the ground surface is acidic and become low in nutrients, and the water is derived from precipitation in some cases, also known as one of the hydrometeors classes which are atmospheric water phenomena, in which case they are termed rain-fed water or ombrotrophic.Water flowing out of bogs has a brownish in color, which comes from dissolved peat tannins (an astringent, bitter plant polyphenolic compound that binds to and precipitates proteins and various organic compounds such as amino acids and alkaloids).
Bogs other names were mire, quagmire and muskeg (a common type of acidic soil in Arctic and boreal areas), alkaline mires are called fens.
Mires otherwise known as bogs, are the most important source of peat but in some less common types of wetland also accumulates peat, including fens, pocosins and peat swamp forests, other names for lands dominated by peat include moors or muskegs.
The oldest bog body known is the Koelbjerg Woman and her remains are held in Fyns Oldtid Museum in Hollufgard in Odense, Denmark, and also the oldest set of human bones found in Denmark dated to the Maglemosian cultures time around 8000 BC.
But due to the unusual conditions of the surrounding areas of peat, most bog bodies recovered or ancient human remains, have retained their skin and internal organs.
These unusual peat conditions include highly acidic water, low temperature and a lack of oxygen, and combine to preserve but makes the human skin severely tan, making the skin well-preserved, but not the bones, due to the acid in the peat and dissolved the calcium phosphate of bone.
Peat Bog In 1998, a bog body was unearthed west of Silkeborg, Denmark and was named as the Elling Woman.