She was impeached by the tribal council, who said she was acting outside her duties as president. Women lead nearly one-quarter of the nation’s 562 federally recognized tribes. “Through the late 1700s, Cherokee women were civically engaged.
They owned land and had a say during wartime,” writes Astrid Munn in .
“But this changed after the tribe ceded large tracts of land to the U. government in 1795.” Since the mid-1980s, though, a generation of Native women activists, lawmakers and attorneys have been changing that history and working to empower women again. Indian Country could never survive without Native women.
A study of skulls excavated from the tip of Baja California in Mexico suggests that the first Americans may not have been the ancestors of today's Amerindians, but another people who came from Southeast Asia and the southern Pacific area.
It’s no exaggeration to say that American Indian women are missing from most media coverage, history books and classroom discussions.
With a grant from the Carnegie Foundation and under the guidance of five university professors, students spent 18 months reporting and writing about American Indian women who are artists, activists, lawyers, cops, warriors, healers, storytellers and leaders. Not only that, but about half of the nation’s tribal colleges are led by Native women presidents. Cecelia Fire Thunder (Lakota) became the Oglala Lakota Tribe’s first woman president."Our results change the traditional idea that all modern Amerindians present morphological affinities with East Asians as a result of a single migration," said Rolando González-José of the University of Barcelona, Spain, who led the study.But recent research, including the Baja California study, indicates that the initial settlement of the continent was instead driven by Southeast Asians who occupied Australia 60,000 years ago and then expanded into the Americas about 13,500 years ago, prior to Mongoloid people arriving from northeast Asia.The skulls from Baja California, which may date back only a few hundred years, have slender-looking faces that are different from the broad-cheeked craniums of modern Amerindians, the descendants of the Mongoloid people.The question of who colonized the Americas, and when, has long been hotly debated.
Traditionally, Native Americans are believed to have descended from northeast Asia, arriving over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska some 12,000 years ago and then migrating across North and South America.